SPECIAL HOMMAGE AU KING OF REGGAE BOB MARLEY VENEZ VIBRER SUR LES TUNES AVEC LE 97 CONNECTION & DJ WARREN SOYEZ TOUS AU RENDEZ VOUS . SI TA UN T-SHIRT MARLEY TU PAYE TON ENTREE A 10¤ Pays: France Adresse: 25 rue de la Pointe 93130 NOISY LE SEC Acces: M5 : Bobigny Pantin R.Queneau et Bus 145 : Paul le Kock Navette Gratuite au metro de 0h a 01h30 Voiture : Periph. Pte de Patin, suivre Bobigny, puis Noisy le Sec, apres le speedy a gauche(pas loin du Mcdo) Plan: Tel: 06-22-60-58-46 / 06-21-68-60-75 Email: email@example.com Site web: http://djgreglion-mix97300.skyrock.com Programme: BONNE ANNEE 2009 HUMMMMMM TU A DEMANDER TU SERAS SERVI,DU 97 CONNECTION COMME TA JAMAIS EU TOUT LES VENDREDIS DE 97 CONNECTION AU STUDIO 46 AVEC TOUTE CES CONNECTIONS Musique: 97 CONNECTION / DJ WARREN Sécurite: ASSURE PAR LE STUDIO Tarifs boissons: PA CHER Prévente: GRATUIT PR LES FILLES AVANT 1H /APRES 10¤ Tarif: MEN 10¤ AV 1H APRES 16¤ +CONSO
With the slave trade at an end, the British were forced to come up with a new source of wealth to support the fledgling protectorate, which led to the planting of groundnuts. The groundnuts or peanuts are originally South American, were they were grown by Indian communities. (It was introduced to West-Africa (first the Senegambia area) by the Portuguese in the 16th century. Here it spread quickly, though faster in the interior of Africa than along the coast). The harvested nuts are crushed to make oil, which is exported to Europe for use in food manufacture. In the 1950s, Gambia's groundnut production was beefed up as a way to increase export earnings and make the country that much more self-supportive, and today groundnuts remain the chief crop of both Gambia and neighbouring Senegal.
The desire of the people of The Gambia to rule themselves gradually developed after the World War II. Political parties were formed in the colony and some later extended to the Protectorate. On the 18th of February 1965, The Gambia gained political independence from Britain. Although Britain's Queen Elizabeth II remained as titular head of state. It was strongly felt that The Gambia would not be able to stand on her own and there were talks of forming a federation with Senegal. But this did not materialise at the time.
Around the same time, two events occurred that enabled the tiny nation to survive and even prosper. For a decade after independence, the world price for groundnuts increased significantly, raising the country's GNP almost threefold. The second event had an even more resounding effect - Gambia became a significant tourist destination.
On April 24, 1970, The Gambia became a republic following a majority-approved referendum. Until a military coup in July 1994, The Gambia was led by President Dawda Kairaba Jawara, who was re-elected five times. The relative stability of the Jawara era was broken first in a violent coup attempt in 1981. The coup was led by Kukoi Samba Sanyang, who, on two occasions, had unsuccessfully sought election to parliament. After a week of violence, which left several hundred dead, Jawara, in London when the attack began, appealed to Senegal for help. Senegalese troops defeated the rebel force. In the aftermath of the attempted coup, Senegal and The Gambia signed the 1982 Treaty of Confederation. The result, the Senegambia Confederation, aimed eventually to combine the armed forces of the two nations and unify economies and currencies. The Gambia withdrew from the confederation in 1989.
A protest by soldiers over late salaries in July 1994 turned into a coup d'etat, led by a young lieutenant, Yahya Jammeh, who appeared in public wearing combat fatigues and dark sunglasses - a look that did little to endear him to the international community. A new military government was formed, and Jammeh announced that he would remain in power at least until 1998. After suffering the fiscal repercussions of the British Foreign Office's advice to British tourists to avoid the country, Jammeh decided to switch tack and announced that elections would be held in 1996. A new constitution was introduced, ushering in the Second Republic, and Jammeh was the winner of the election (though the election was disputed by some).
Jammeh remains in power and has brought some degree of stability to the country. Tourism is back in a big way, and the Gambian infrastructure is improving, as evidenced by the modern Banjul International Airport and new roads. Expectations among Gambians are high, though it may prove difficult for the government to implement all of its promises.
There was civil unrest in Banjul and Brikama in early 2000 as Gambian security forces were put on full alert following violence in the streets of the capital, Banjul. According to Amnesty at least 14 people were killed as a student demonstration called to protest against police brutality degenerated into a pitched battle between demonstrators and police forces. Schools and colleges were temporarily closed and riot police patrolled the streets. More recently things have calmed down.
Jammeh has also spent large sums on public works projects: renovating the airport and building a hospital, roads, a TV station, new schools and a huge monument to his revolution on Independence Drive in Banjul.
In October 2001, Jammeh defeated human-rights lawyer Oussainou Darboe and won a second five-year term. The National Assembly elections were held in January, 2002 and was boycotted by the UDP opposition party. As a result therefore, the APRC won all but three of the 15 constituencies contested and also their candidates went unopposed in the rest of the 33 constituencies